Board Certified by the American Board of Orthopedic Surgery (ABOS)
Board Certified in Orthopedic Sports Medicine by the ABOS
Northwestern University (Evanston, IL): B.A.
University of Illinois (Chicago, IL): MD
Ohio State University (Columbus, OH): Orthopedic Surgery Internship/Residency
University of Western Ontario (London, Ontario, Canada): Sports Medicine and Arthroscopic Surgery Fellowship
Michael G. Kogan, MD is a board certified orthopedic surgeon who has been in practice with Midwest Bone & Joint since 1995. Dr. Kogan specializes in both general orthopedics, which includes fractures (broken bones) to sprains and strains. In addition, he is a specialist in Sports Medicine and Arthroscopic Surgery. This specialty requires completing a 1-year fellowship concentrating in this area after completing a 5-year orthopedic surgery residency. During residency, Dr. Kogan served on the medical team treating athletes at The Ohio State University.
While in fellowship, he worked closely with the team physician at the University of Western Ontario. Since 1995, he has been the team physician for Jacobs High School in Algonquin. In 2008, Dr. Kogan received the Subspecialty Certificate in Orthopedic Sports Medicine through the American Board of Orthopedic Surgery. He completed requirements, including examination, to earn this distinction.
The two most common problems treated by Dr. Kogan are knee and shoulder pain. There are various causes for these problems. As we get older, many of our joints wear down, eventually leading to arthritis. Although Dr. Kogan takes care of these end-stage conditions with procedures such as joint replacement, his goal as a Sports Medicine specialist is to fix problems early on to prevent wear and tear and allow many years of physical activity, even at a high level. His goal is to talk with each patient, obtain a history of the problem, perform a physical exam, obtain and review appropriate tests such as X-rays and MRI, and come up with a diagnosis and treatment plan. Both non-surgical and surgical options are discussed in great detail. Together, he and his patients implement the best treatment plan for their condition.
Most Common Problems Treated
In the knee, the two most common structures injured are the cartilage, or meniscus, and the ligaments. When the cartilage tears, there are often symptoms of pain, swelling and sometimes popping or catching within the joint. This can happen from a single event or repetitive injury. Ligament injuries, such as a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), are often the result of a specific event, often from sports participation. Sometimes this can be caused by work-related activity or injury as well. Recurrent instability or “giving-out” of the knee is possible. As with the knee, shoulder injuries can be traumatic, such as a dislocation, or from repetitive use, such as rotator cuff tendonitis. Once again, an appropriate evaluation is performed in the office and treatment is commenced. Non-surgical, or conservative, treatment is usually explored first. This often involves exercises, physical therapy, brace usage, anti-inflammatory medications, and sometimes cortisone injection(s). For instability problems that do not respond to conservative treatment, surgery is recommended.
Types of Surgery Performed
Most of the surgical procedures Dr. Kogan performs on the knee are arthroscopic. This means tiny incisions are used in a minimally invasive fashion to inspect and treat conditions within the joint. Meniscal repair, cartilage restoration and ligament reconstruction can all be performed successfully through the arthroscope. There is less pain, quicker recovery, and a faster and more aggressive rehab is possible after these procedures. Immediate full weight bearing and range of motion are usually encouraged to minimize time with crutches and allow a speedy return to sports, recreational endeavors and work activities.
Arthroscopic procedures are possible to repair the ligaments, or labrum, although traditional open stabilization is also an option for many problems. Rotator cuff injuries are managed similarly. If pain with daily activities, such as overhead use of the arm or difficulty sleeping, is not improving with non-surgical measures, arthroscopic surgery and sometimes mini-open repair can be effective. An aggressive post-op exercise and rehab regimen is often utilized.
Dr. Kogan encourages an active one-on-one interaction with his patients. He spends as much time as necessary with his patients and makes sure all questions are answered in their office visits. He is a compassionate and caring physician and is extremely conscientious in his work. He takes great satisfaction in helping people of all ages return to their desired activity pursuits. He focuses on all aspects of sports medicine and treats injuries or conditions that are related or interfere with exercise, sports participation or a physical lifestyle.
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