Lidocaine is a short-acting local numbing agent (anesthetic). Injecting it into the sacroiliac (SI) joint can help prove that's where the pain is coming from.
Sciatica or paralysis of the sciatica nerve can occur if any of the injected anesthetic fluid leaks out of the joint. This can happen if the needle isn't angled exactly right. The problem doesnât usually last long. The injection can be done again using a more anterior position of the needle.