There are many other possible reasons or diagnoses that may warrant fusion. However, experts do advise that spinal fusion is not the answer to every case of chronic low back pain (LBP). Patients with chronic LBP from disc degeneration or spinal stenosis may be good candidates for this operation.
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal where the spinal cord is located. Pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerves can occur with spinal stenosis. Rates of spinal fusion have increased over 200 per cent in the last 15 years making this one of the most common operations for chronic LBP.