Is it true there may be neck fusion surgery that can be successful even for a smoker?
A recent study of 200 subjects who underwent one to four level cervical fusions had 100 percent fusion rate. The surgeon used an osteoinductive protein called recombinant human bone morphgenic protein, rhBMP-2. The fusions were successful according to dynamic radiographs and computed tomography, even in the thirty-seven subjects who were smokers.